Home » Blog »Pilot_Posts » Currently Reading:

The Difference Between Its and It’s

November 19, 2014 Blog, Pilot_Posts No Comments

 

TOPIC: The difference between Its and It’s

GOAL: To learn about the proper use of Its and It’s

Level: Difficult

Exercise #1: Read about the use of Its and It’s and then proceed to Exercise #2

There is often confusion between its and it's.  If you delve deeper into this issue, you will see that there is good reason for the confusion.  In spelling, the only difference between “its” and “it’s” is the apostrophe. In meaning the differences are much more significant. However, if you just want to know what is right, the basic rule is very simple:

 

It's

It's is short for it is or it has.  This is a 100% rule.  It cannot be used for anything else. If you cannot expand it's to it is or it has, then it is wrong.

Some of the common uses of Its:

When referring to the 3rd person, Its is used to show possession like his and her.

His is used for masculine things. (These are his pies.)

Her is used for feminine things. (These are her flowers.)

Its is used for neutral things. (These are its footprints.)

***Remember = the contraction It’s is only used to replace it is or it has.

Examples:

It's been raining for a week, and now it's starting to snow.

(It has been raining….it is starting to snow)

It's one of the hardest courses in it's history.

(The first it's is correct. The second is wrong. I should be its.)

The Use Of Apostrophes:

As mentioned, apostrophes are used to show possession. 

For example, the possessive form of dog is dog's (as in the dog's teeth).

For that reason, many people think, many think that the possessive form of it should be it's. It seems to fit the pattern. But that is not correct.  Many people (and even large companies) still get this wrong. 

THE EASIEST WAY TO GET IT RIGHT (NEVER EVER WRITE IT'S)

If you want to keep it simple and avoid any mistakes, just remember this easy rule: “Never write it's.”

Instead of writing it's, write the full version (it is or it has). If you cannot (because your sentence does not make sense), then use its.

Exercise #2: Watch video

What is the difference between "It's" and "its? Watch this video to find out.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RiaS0WLDobM

Exercise #3: Complete the following quiz using the correct preposition for each sentence.

1. True or false: The word ITS is used to indicate possession.

            1. True

            2. False    

2. Which one of the following sentences shows the correct use of IT'S?

            1. It's cause is under investigation.

            2. It's motor stopped working.

            3. It's time to go home.

            4. It's box is broken.

3. What does the contraction IT'S represent?

            1. It is

            2. It is, it has, it was

            3. it was

            4. Answers 1 and 3

4. Please complete the sentence: "____ has been a long day!

            1. It's

            2. It

            3. Its

5. True or false: The rule for using ITS and ITS has many exceptions.

            1. True

            2. False

 

 

 

Contact Us

We would love to hear from you! Please fill out this form and we will get in touch with you shortly.

Connect to Us

Facebook Twitter Youtube Linkedin

Featured Posts

Announcement: Aviation English – Inglês para Aviação

Damon Freeman Aviation English

Welcome to Global Aviation English’s Blog. Here we will release up to date information about what is happening in the world of Aviation English. We will also share some of our videos, mini lessons, videos and tips for tests and interviews. We have FREE online courses for Pilots, Flight Attendants, Mechanics, …

Cabin crew procedures

bus

[Audio clip: view full post to listen] Cabin crew procedures Aim Practice English skills in an aviation context Revise some typical procedures and test yourself on knowledge you not only need to know but may be tested on during interviews Have fun! The list of cabin crew procedures can be …

Santos Dumont, Pioneer Aviator

Santos Dumont

[Audio clip: view full post to listen] Alberto Santos Dumont, Pioneer Aviator   Santos Dumont, born in 1873, grew up in a coffee plantation owned by his family but spent most of his adult life in Paris. He was so fascinated by machinery that even as a child he learned …

Airline vs. Executive Aviation

buswal

  TOPIC: Airline vs. executive aviation Listen to the audio GOAL: To compare airline flying versus working in executive aviation Level: Easy Exercise #1: Read about the differences between airline flying and executive aviation and then proceed to Exercise #2 The physical aspects of flying an airplane are fairly similar in …

Crew Resource Management (CRM)

English for Pilots

  [Audio clip: view full post to listen]TOPIC: Crew Resource Management (CRM) Exercise #1: Read about CRM and then proceed to Exercise #2 Crew Resource Management (CRM) training originated from a NASA workshop in 1979 that focused on improving air safety. The NASA research presented at this meeting found that …

Parts of an Aircraft

Parts of Plane

[Audio clip: view full post to listen] 1. Read about the various major parts of an airplane, then proceed to Step 2 Although there are many aircraft designs flying today, most of them share a common assembly of major parts that all pilots should be thoroughly aware of. Ever since …